Deities (listed in alphabetical order):
Abandinus- Local Gaulish god near Godmanchester in Cambridgeshire, identified as the Roman town Durovigutum. A bronze feather has been found with the inscription:“To the god Abandinus, Vatiacus dedicates this out of his own funds.”
Abartach/Abarta- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Name could mean “doer of deeds” and known for his trickery. In the tale The Pursuit of the Gilla Decair and His Horse, the wizard Abartach mac Alchad was able to make a number of the Fianna disappear, by leading them on a journey to Tìr Tairnigir, the Land of Promise in the Otherworld, while riding a grey horse. When Goll mac Morna and Oscar, grandson of Fionn, rescued their comrads, they instituted retribution against Abartach, which included the theft of his wife. However, Abartach was able to use his magic and disappear without paying. There is a recurrence of the theme of a grey (sometimes white) horse as the magical transporter between this world and the other world; it is another magical horse which brings Oisín back from the Otheworld in another Fenian romance, Acallam na Senórach.
Abcan mac Bicelmois- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann.According to The Second Battle of Magh Turedh, Abcan was the harper for the Tuatha De Danann at the time of Lugh’s coming. According to The Second Battle of Magh Turedh, Abcan was the harper for the Tuatha De Danann at the time of Lugh’s coming.
Abellio/Abello- Local Gaulish god most likely of apple trees. Dedications to him are mostly found in Haut-Garonne with one in Aquitaine present day France.
Abhean- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. One of Lugh’s poets that was killed by Oengus.
Abnoba- Local Gaulish goddess of the Black Forest and the mountain of which the source of the Danube River comes from. At a Roman bath in Badenweiler, there is an alter which refers to her as Dianae Abnobae, thus indicating she was likely also the goddess of the hunt.
Acionna- Local Gaulish goddess associated with water.
Achtland- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. She was a queen and mortal woman who was unsatisfied with human men and married a member of the Tuatha De Danann subsequently becoming immortal. In the tale Longes mac nDuil Dermait (a version of Fled Bricrien), Achtland is one of the daughters of Doel the Forgotten. Her husband was the giant Connla (not to be confused with Conn’s son), who, when lying down, covered the island from head to foot. Her brothers were hidden in a cave through the enchantments of the magician Eocho Bond. When Cú Chulainn went adventuring on the the island of Connla, Achtland convinced him to help her recover her brothers which, unsurprisingly, he did.
Afaon ap taliesin/Adaon/Addaon- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. The son of Taliesin, who according to the triads and The Dream of Rhonabwy died a tragic death, slain by Llongad Grwm Fargod Eidyn. He is listed as one of the three bull-chieftains, and one of three battle-leaders. In Rhonabwy, his horse is struck by, of all people, Elphin, who in Hanes Taliesin raised Afaon’s father Taliesin.
Adsagsona- Gaulish god of the underworld and magic. She is known from one inscription on a woman’s grave at Larzac, France. The woman was probably a prophetess and the translation reads Adsagsona was the source of the witches’ “underworld magic” and prophetic abilities.
Adsmerius- Local Gaulish goddess worshipped at Poitiers and Le Mans. The etymology likely means “to get a share of something” and likely some sort of goddess of plenty.
Adsullata- Local Gaulish goddess of rivers and springs.
Aebh/Aobh- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. First wife of Lir that died in childbirth after having two sets of twins. Their children were Fionnuala, Aodh, Fiachra and Conn of the hundred battles. Aobh is Lir’s second wife’s sister Aoife.
Aedd Mawr- Welsh legend father of Prydein. Not much is known of him and he only appears in a few genealogies.
Aed/Aedh/Aodh- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Eldest son of the high king Lir, prince of the Daoine Sidhe and a god of the underworld. Turned into a swan in The Children of Lir by stepmom Aoife.
Aerfen/Aerten- Welsh goddess of fate and her name means “renowned in battle”. She is compared to the Irish Morrigan.
Aeron- Celtic goddess of war and slaughter.
Aesar- Irish god that’s thought to be a creator god of fire and intelligence and possibly destruction. He was a consort of Eire.
Aesus/Esus- Gaulish god part of the trinity “Taranus, Esus and Teutates” according to Roman historican Lucan. His name means “strong Esus” or “the respected one” or “the furious one”.
Afagddu/Morfran- Welsh son of Cerridwen. He was called the ugliest man in Britain. He is said to have been one of the only men to have survived the Battle of Camlann, for his ugliness was so great people thought he was a demon. In order to become wise and respected, he boiled a cauldron of knowledge for a year and a day. However, his mother’s servant Gwion Bach who was watching over the cauldron, accidentally ingested the three drops of inspiration, depriving Afagddu of the gift.
Afallach- Welsh King and son of Beli and Anna. Father of Modron.
Aibell- Local Irish guardian spirit of the Dal gCais, the Dalcassians or O Brien Clan. She was the ruler of a dighe in North Munster and her dwelling place was Craig Liath, the grey rock overlooking the Shannon about two miles north of Killaloe. She had a magic harp and it was said whoever heard it did not live much longer after that.
Aife/Aoife- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Second wife of Lir that out of jealousy put a curse on Lir’s children turning them into swans for 900 years in the The Children of Lir . Aoife was Lir’s first wives sister.
Aillen mac Midhna- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann that was a magical beast that on the eve of Samhain would lull everyone to sleep with his timpan instrument then with his fire breath would burn everyone and all of Tara.
Aillil- Irish King of Connacht, husband of Medb (Maeve) and father of Finabair. The king and queen were so competitive that they launched the famous Cattle Raid of Cooley to steal a brown bull as prolific as her husbands white-horned one. In the end as armies clashed and died, the brown bull killed the white and then died when its heart burst, so the king’s and queen’s possessions were finally balanced out at a terrible price. It was to Ailill and Medb that Aengus mac Og came when he was in pursuit of Caer, the swan woman he saw in his dreams. Both Ailill and Medb were sexually promiscuous, though Medb was more jealous than Ailill. This jealousy led to Medb tricking her lover Conall Cernach into killing Ailill as he met with another woman. Ailill placed a curse on Conall Cernach, however, causing Conall to break his geis and his own death in return.
Aimend- A local Irish sun goddess who was said to be the daughter of the king of the region known as Corco Loidhe.
Aine- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Goddess of summer, wealth and sovereignty. Daughter of Egobail and claimed as an ancestor of multiple Irish families. Strongly associated with the County Limerick and the Hill of Knockainey is named after her. In more recent times she is associated with being the “Queen of the Fairies”.
Ainge- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Daughter of the Dagda. She gathered twigs for a bath, but the twigs were stolen by Gaible, son of Nuada. When he threw them about, a forest sprang up. Dies in a battle in Lebor Gabala Erenn.
Airmed/Airmid- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Daughter of Dian Cecht and sister to Miach, she healed those injured in the Second Battle of Magh Tuiredh and was able to resurrect the dead. After her jealous father slew her brother, Airmed wept over her brother’s grave. Watered by her tears, all the healing herbs of the world sprung from the earth over his body. She collected and organized them but once again, her father lashed out and scattered the herbs. For this reason, no living human knows all the secrets of herbalism.
Alaunus- Gaulish god of healing and prophecy. His name is found on inscriptions found in Lurs, France.
Albius- Gaulish god worshipped near Ar-nay-de-luc, France. Consort of Damona, his name means “white”.
Albion- A giant fathered by a forgotten Celtic sea god who may have been part of the lost creation myth along with a triad of gods, including Albiorix and Teuates. He once was said to rule the Celtic world and be one of the original founders of the entire Celtic tribe. His name became the poetic name for Britain and later Scotland (Alba).
Albiorix- Gaulish god whos name means “king of the world” and possibly a god of war. Possibly one of the founders of the entire Celtic tribe.
Alisanos- Local Gaulish god worshipped in present day France and it’s implied he was a mountain god.
Amaethon- Welsh god of agriculture. The welsh words “farmer” and “plow” derive from him. Son of Don and brother of Gwydion. Engaged in the mythical battle against the Arawn.
Amergin mac Miled/Gluingel- Milesian bard and druid who’s name meant “white knees” or “big knee”. He was a bard and judge of the Milesians in the Irish Mythological Cycle and took part in the conquest of Ireland from the Tuatha De Danann. He agreed to name Ireland after the three goddess queens of the Tuatha De Danann: Eriu, Banba and Fodla after they allowed the Milesians entrance on the island. However, Druids from the Tuatha De Danann disagreed and raised a magic storm to prevent them from landing. Amergin sang an invocation calling on the spirit of the island to break the spell known as The Song of Amergin. He parted the storm, they were able to land and battle ensued. There were heavy losses on each side but the Milesians took the day and the Tuatha De Danann retreated into the hills becoming the Aos Sidhe. Amergin then divided Eire between his brothers Eremon (north) and Eber (south), a division that persists to this day. Eire/Eireland/Ireland did indeed become the name to the island and Banba and Fodla became poetic names in much the same way Alba was for Scotland or Albion for Great Britain.
Ambisagrus- Gaulish god of weather.
Anann/Anu- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. It is unclear whether she’s a goddess in her own right or alternate name for Danu. Anu has particular association locally with Munster. The Paps of Anu are said to be her breasts.
Ancamna- Local Gaulish goddess worshipped in the valley of the Moselle River, France.
Andarta- Gaulish goddess associated with victory and possibly bears and wilds. Patron goddess of the Vocontii Tribe.
Andraste/Andrasta- Gaulish goddess associated with victory. Her name means “the invincible one”. She was the patron goddess of the Iceni tribe. Queen Boadiccea was said to have offered sacrifices to her of Roman prisoners in a sacred grove before fighting the Romans in her famous battle. Boadiccea supposedly also released a hare and watched it’s movements for a sign and as a technique of divination as was also done with birds. “Let us, therefore go against The Romans, trusting boldly to good fortune. let us show them that they are hares and foxes trying to rule over dogs and wolves. I thank you, Andraste, and call upon you as woman speaking to woman… I beg for victory and preservation of liberty.” -Dio Cassius
Angus mac Og/Aengus/Oengus- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Associated with love, youth, dreams and poetry. His name meant “strength” or “Angus the young”. Eternally youthful, he ruled Newgrange, Ireland. In some tales, he was able to repair broken bodies and return life to them. He was sometimes portrayed as having birds constantly circling his head. He was the son of the Dagda and Boann. The Dagda had an affair with the river goddess Boann, wife of Elcmar. To hide her pregnancy, the Dagda made the sun stand still for nine months so that Aengus was conceived, gestated and born in one day. Midir, his half brother, also the son of Dagda raised him as his foster son to protect his identity and protect him from revenge from Boann’s husband Elcmar. At one point Midir sleeps with Elcmar and Boann’s daughter, Englec. Elcmar killed him in revenge, then Angus killed Elcmar. Angus fell in love with a girl named Caer that would frequently visit him in his dreams. He searched Ireland for two years to find her and became sick and stopped eating when he didn’t have any luck. With the help of Boann and Dagda they eventually found her in chains along with other girls,150 total, that were under an enchantment. The girls turned into swans for a year every 2nd Samhain. Chained and bound together, they went back and forth from human to swan form. To break the enchantment he had to recognize her in swan form. He was forced to wait another year for when she would turn back into a swan. He quickly went to her on the day of Samhain, immediately guessed the right swan and won her freedom. He turned into a swan himself and they flew away together and were married. The pair were said to sing beautiful music that would put anyone who heard it to sleep for three days and nights.
Anextiomarus- Local Gaulish god who’s name meant “great protector”.
Ankou/Ankeu- Welsh personification of death or otherwise a “henchman of death”. He is also known as a graveyard watcher, who guards and also catches souls on his land.
Annea Clivana- Local Gaulish goddess associated with Canale d’Agordo, Italy.
Aoi mac Ollamain- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. God of poetry and father to Ai.
Aonbarr- Fabled horse of Manannan mc Lir in the Tuatha De Danann who could gallop across the waves as if it were solid ground.
Arawn/Arawen- Welsh Lord of the Underworld. His name means “silver tongued”. He was a master hunter who rode a pale horse and rode with a pack of white hounds with red ears. The archetypal purpose of the hunt was to gather souls for the underworld. He possesses a magical cauldron of regeneration.
Ard Greimme- irish god who’s name means “higher power” or “high sun”. Father of the famed warrioress sisters Aife and Scathach.
Arduinna/Ardwinna- Local Gaulish goddess of the hunt and the boar.
Arianrhod- Welsh moon goddess who’s name meant “silver wheel” or “sky goddess”. She was a central figure of feminine power through her role as goddess of reincarnation, fertility and childbirth.
Arnemetia- Local Gaulish water goddess of spring waters and purification.
Artaios/Artaius- Local Gaulish god of the bear.
Artio- Gaulish bear goddess of wildlife, abundance, strength and the harvest. Usually depicted as being surrounded by full baskets and animals.
Atepomaros- Gaulish god of horses. His name meant “very great horse” or “having great horses”.
Aveta- Gaulish goddess of birth and midwifery. Known mainly from clay figurines found in Toulon-Sur-Allier, France. The models show the goddess with infants at her breast. The figurines are often accompanied by a small lapdog.
Badb/Bodb(The Morrigan)- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann and one of the three aspects of The Morrigan. She was the main aspect of the Morrigan. Her main power was foretelling the future mainly by forshadowing the extent of battle carnage or predicting the death of a notable person. In The Second Battle of Magh Turedh, Badb sleeps with the Dagda and prophecies that the Tuatha De Danann will win against the Fomorians. She also gives a prophecy of the end of the world.
Balor- Irish Fomorian chieftain and grandfather of god Lugh. He had one giant, evil eye which drooped and had to be propped open at which point was used as a weapon of killing all that it looked upon. Where the term giving someone the “evil eye” stemmed from. Balor’s daughter Eithne fell in love with Cian, one of the Tuatha De Danann and conceived Lugh. It was prophecied that Lugh would kill Balor and so he was sent away. He was raised by Manannan mac Lir who trained him with a magic spear. When the Dananns fought the Fomorians, Lugh poked Balor’s eye with a sling shot and killed him.
Banba- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann and patron goddess of Ireland. Daughter of Emmas and important tirumvirate of goddesses, with her sisters Eriu and Fodla.
Barinthus- Welsh charioteer to the residents of the otherworld who was once probably a sea or sun god.
Be Chuille- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. She is a good sorceress who joins three other of the Danann to defeat the evil Greek witch Carman.
Belatucadros- Gaulish god of war and destruction. His name means “fair shining one”.
Bel/Belenos- Gaulish god of light, fire and the sun. His name means “lord” or “master”. Celebrated at Beltane and associated with music, sexuality and vitality.
Belisama- Gaulish goddess and consort of Belenos. Her name indicates that she shared similar attributes of her husband.
Bergusia- Local Gaulish goddess in Burgundy, France. Consort of Ucuetis and they appear together on the inscription.
Blodenwedd/Blodeuwedd- Welsh goddess of flowers. Her name means “flower faced”. She is the wife of Lleu Llaw Gyffes and she was created out of flowers by the magicians Math and Gwydion.
Borvo- Local Gaulish god of minerals and healing as well as spring water. He was mainly worshipped at Bourbonne-les-Bains in France. His spring would have been thought to have tremendous healing powers.
Bormana- Local Gaulish goddess in Drome, France. Consort of Borvo.
Bran- Welsh giant and king also known as “Bran the Blessed”. His name means “blessed crow”. He was the brother of Manawydan ap Llyr and Branwen. Associated with ravens, arts and prophecy.
Branwen- Welsh sister of Bran and wife of the Irish king Mathowch. She was the daughter of Llyr and Penarddun. Her marriage isn’t a happy one. It is believed that the story of Branwen is based on real events that may have taken place during the Bedd Branwen Period of Bronze Age.
Brenin Llwyd- Welsh “Grey King” also called “The Monarch of the Mists”. He is a brooding, silent figure who lies in wait for unwary travelers who venture up his mountains. Those who went missing were sometimes said to have been taken by him.
Bres/Bress- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. He was named king after Nuada lost his hand in the First Battle of Magh Tuiredh. Often referred to as Eochaid or Eochu Bres. His parents were Prince Elatha of the Fomorians and Eri, daughter of Delbaith. He was an unpopular king and favoured his Fomorian kin. He grew so quickly that by the age of seven he was the size of a 14 year old. Bres made the Tuatha De Danann pay tribute to the Fomorians by working as slaves. Ogma was forced to carry firewood and Dagda had to dig trenches around forts. After Bres ruled for seven years, Nuada had his hand fixed and his kingship was restored. Bres was exiled. He was said to be beautiful but inhospitable.
Bricta/Brixta- Local Gaulish goddess in Luxeuil-les-Bains, France. Consort of Luxovius, god of waters.
Brigid/Brigit- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. She was one of the most revered goddesses of the spring seasons, fertility, healing, poetry and smithcraft. She had two sisters, Brigid the healer and Brigid the smith which suggests she too, was a triple deity. St. Brigid, the Christianized version of her shares many of the same attributes. Imbolc, held on February 1st is celebrated largely in honor of her.
Brigantia- Gaulish goddess. Her name meant “high, lofty, elevated” or “the high one”. There are several place names deriving from Brigantia including Great Britain itself. Some believe she was simply another version of Brigid.
Buggane- Manx huge ogre-like creature native to the Isle of Man. He was a shape shifter and “covered with a mane of coarse, black hair; it had eyes like torches and glittering sharp tusks”.
Bussumarus- Gaulish god of thunder. His name meant “great of voice”.
Buxenus- Local Gaulish god of Box trees.
Caer- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Irish fairy who in the story of The Dream of Oengus is seen by Oengus in his dreams. He falls in love and is resolved to find her. She is under a spell in which she is in chains along with 150 other girls. Every second Samhain they all change into swans for one year. Her captors promise Oengus he can have her if he finds her. He changes himself into a swan and essentially rescues her and they fly off together.
Cailleach- Irish, Scottish and Manx divine hag and goddess of weather and more specifically, the seasonal time between Samhain and Beltane and harsher weather of the winter. The very word Cailleach means “hag” in Scots Gaelic. It means “veiled one” in old gaelic. She was also associated with the wilderness and rugged mountain terrain in general and thought to have been responsible for the creation of many mountain or rocky formations. Many stories tell that while she was striding across the land she accidentally dropped rocks out of her basket. Others stories claim she purposefully created them and that she carried a hammer for shaping the hills and valleys. Her staff can freeze the ground and she can herd deer among other things. The southernmost tip of the Cliffs of Moher in County Clare, Ireland is named after her.
Camulos/Camulus- Local Gaulish god of the present day location of Colchester, England. Known for inscriptions and coinage bearing the symbol of the boar. Most likely a war god associated with strength and ferocity similarly to the totem boar animal. Carried a large sword and his enemies head.
Carlin/Gyre-Carlin- The Scottish goddess of Samhain. She was sometimes thought as a “mother witch” in later times after Druidry went underground.
Cathubodua- Local Gaulish goddess in Mieussy, France. She is interpreted as a war goddess and her name seems to mean “fighting” or “battle-crow”.
Cerridwen- Welsh goddess of agriculture with exceptional power and magic. In mythology she made a magical potion from her cauldron called Awen, directly translated as “poetic inspiration”. In order to create the mixture, it had to be boiled for a year and a day. She sought to create the potion to make her ugly son Morfran, also called Afagddu intelligent in recompense for his appearance. She set a blind man named Morda to tend the fire beneath the cauldron while Gwion Bach, a young boy stirred. The first three drops of liquid gave the potion its wisdom while the rest was poison. Once the concoction was completed, the first drops happened to spill onto Gwion’s thumb, burning him. He instinctively put his thumb to his mouth and acquired the wisdom meant for Morfran. Ceridwen chased him but he used the power to turn into various animals. She gave chase and eventually she ate him but became pregnant and later gave birth to a boy who would grow up to become the legendary Welsh bard Taliesin. This story is incredibly reminiscent of the Irish legend of the Salmon of Knowledge and Finn MacCool.
Cernunnos- Gaulish god of fertility, abundance, the hunt and animals. His name means “horned god”. He is depicted as half man/half stag and often seen holding or feeding animals. He appears on one of the most famous and well known Celtic artifacts, the Gundestrup Cauldron. Overall, he seems to represent the communion of man with the wildness of nature and the forest.
Cethlenn- Irish member of the Fomorians. Wife of Balor. Mother of Ethniu. She was a prophetess and warned Balor of his impending defeat of the Tuatha De Danann in the second battle of Magh Tuiredh. During that battle, she wounded the Dagda. The town “Cathlenn’s island” is named after her in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland.
Cian- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Shapeshifting father of Lugh and son of Dian Cecht.
Cliodhna/Cliodna- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. She was “queen of the banshees” and otherworld and in some myths, the goddess of love and beauty. She is said to have three brightly colored birds who eat apples from an otherworldly tree and whose sweet song heals the sick.
Clota- Local Gaulish patron river goddess near the River Clyde, UK.
Cocidius- Gaulish god of war and hunting. One inscription to him is on Hadrian’s Wall in Scotland.
Condatis- Gaulish god associated with rivers and where they cross or join paths. His name means “god of the confluence” and essentially where “waters meet”.
Corchen- Manx goddess of snakes associated with the earth and rebirth. She could have been part of a forgotten creation myth.
Corra- Scottish goddess of prophecy who usually appeared in the form of a crane. She symbolized transcendent knowledge and transitions to the otherworld.
Coventina- Gaulish goddess of wells and springs which were considered very divine. She is known from multiple inscriptions surrounding the area of Hadrian’s Wall in Scotland.
Cred/Creide- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Fairy Queen goddess associated with Dana’s mountains, the Paps of Any. She promised never to sleep until she found a man who could create for her the most magnificent poem ever penned. Coll, a great warrior finally overcame these obstacles and wrote her desired poem. She was greatly impressed and they married and made a home in the otherworld together.
Credenus- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Master craftsman.
Creiddylad- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Daughter of the sea god Llyr. Connected with Beltane and often called the “May Queen”. She is associated with love and flowers. In her myths there was a famous rivalry of the Gods Gwyn and Gwyrthur over her each Samhain and Beltane. This is one of the origins of the Holly King and Oak King duel which is commemorated each Yule and Midsummer.
Creidne- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. He was the son of Brigid and Tuireann and a goldsmith. He also worked with bronze and brass. He and his brothers Goibniu and Luchtaine were known as the Tri Dee Dana, the three gods of art who forged the weapons the Danann used to battle the Fomorians.
Creirwy- Welsh goddess associated with sacred objects. Her name meant “sacred symbol of the egg”. She was the daughter of enchantress Cerridwen and Tacitus the Bald. She was considered to be one of the most beautiful maidens in Britain. She has a dark, hideous brother named Morfran and a foster brother, Gwion Bach who would later become the bard Taliesin.
Cu Chulainn- Irish mythological hero who appears in Scottish and Manx folklore as well. He is believed to be an incarnation of the god Lugh, who is also his father. His mother is the mortal Deichtine, sister of Conchober mac Nessa. His born name was Setanta but he gained the name Cu Chulainn when he killed Culann’s fierce guard dog in self defense and offered to take it’s place until a replacement could be reared. He is known for his terrifying battle frenzy, bravery and ferocity in battle. He single handedly defends lUlster from the army of Connacht in the Battle of Tain Bo Cuailnge.
Cyhiraeth- Welsh goddess who was once a goddess of streams. She later became known as a ghostly spirit who’s moaning voice was said to be heard right before someone’s death.
Cymidel Cymeinfoll- Welsh goddess of war. Her name means “big belly of battle”. She is usually paired in stories with her husband Llasar Llaesyfnewid. Together they own a magical cauldron which they cast warriors killed in battle. From the cauldron these dead soldiers would come back to life, but minus the power of speech. As Wale’s supreme war goddess, she gave birth to its warriors, one every six weeks.
Cythrawl- Welsh god of destruction. Destruction was simply seen as a means to a beginning and not necessary a negative as we interpret it today.
Dagda/Daghdha- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. His name means “the good god” or “mighty one” or “lord of great knowledge”. He is the central father, chieftain and druid figure. He is associated with fertility, agriculture, manliness, strength, magic and wisdom. He is said to have control over life and death as well as time and seasons. He is often described as a very large man or giant wearing a hooded cloak. He owns a magic staff or club which can kill with one end and bring life with the other. He has a cauldron that never runs empty and a magic harp called Uaithne which can control people’s emotions and the seasons. The Dagda sleeps with many goddesses producing children including Boann and The Morrigan. His children include Aengus, Aine, Brigid, Breg, Bodb, Derg, Cermait, Aed and Midir. His brothers are the gods Ogma and Ler.
Damara- Gaulish fertility goddess associate with Beltane. She is associated with fertility, youth, health and abundance as well as flowers.
Damona- Gaulish goddess of fertility and abundance. Her name means “divine cow”. Cattle deities were almost always associated with fertility.
Danu- Irish mother goddess figure. She was also called Danann, Anann or Anu. She is thought to be the mother of the gods, and thus bestower of the name “Tuatha De Danann” the people of Danu. It is thought the Celts may have originated from the River Danube and therefore was possibly a forgotten creationism tale of the Celtic culture.
Dea Matrona- Gaulish goddess associated with motherhood. Her name means “divine mother goddess”. She was also associated with the River Marne in France.
Dechtere- Irish mother of Cu Chulainn. There are a few versions of his birth. The first Dechtere accidentally swallowed a mayfly while drinking a cup of wine, became pregnant from this event and bore Cu Chulainn. She was impregnated by the god lugh with his own soul, and vomited him into life as Cu Chulainn thereby remaining a virgin.
Deirdre- In Irish mythology she is a tragic heroine and probably one of the best known figures in modern Ireland. She is often called “Deidre of the Sorrows”. The king at the time of this legend was Conchobar mac Nessa. The king’s druid fortold her birth and that she’d be one of the most beautiful women in the kingdom. The king decided to hide her away once she was born with intent on marrying her when she was of age. Instead she had her own plans and ran away getting happily married to another man named Naoise in the King’s court and having two children. They lived very happily until the king found out of her deceit. He sent a spy to see if she was as beautiful as the Druid fortold. The spy decided to protect Deirdre and said she was ugly. The king didn’t believe him and sent a second spy that confirmed her beauty. He then had her husband killed and sent for her. After being miserable and cold towards the King for a year, he asked her who she hated more than him to which she replied the man who killed her husband. He announced he would give her to him instead and while she was in the carriage on her way, he taunted her saying how ugly she was. She threw herself out of the carriage dashing her head on the rocks and committing suicide, ultimately heart broken by the loss of her husband and her new ill fortuned and undeserving fate.
Dewi- Welsh dragon god whose crimson form was said to have appeared in King Arthur’s dreams and later, on his battle standards.
Dia Greine- Scottish daughter of the sun. She appears in folktale as being held captive in the otherworld and freed by the Cailleach, disguised as a fox. Her legend serves as a metaphor for reincarnation.
Dian Cecht- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. God of healing. He was the father of many children. He blessed a well called Slane where the Tuatha De Danann could bathe when wounded and be healed. It could heal any wound but decapitation.
Dil- Irish goddess of cattle and fertility. Cattle deities were almost always associated with fertility.
Dispater- Gaulish god thought to be apart of the original Celtic creation story. His name meant “the father” and he later merged with Don. All Gauls/Celts believed themselves to be descended from him.
Divona- Local Gaulish water goddess.
Domnu- The Fomorian version of what Danu was to the Tuatha De Danann. She was a mother goddess figure and the Fomorii were often called “Children of Domnu” and were said to have come from the depths of the sea. Domnu’s name means “the deep”.
Don- Welsh mother goddess version of the Irish Danu. She is the mother of many other Welsh deities. She was also ruler of the otherworld.
Dumiatis- Local Gaulish god of mountains.
Dunatis- Local Gaulish god of forts.
Dwyvach- Welsh goddess of water and divinity. Thought to possibly be part of a lost creation legend. Wife of Dwyvan. She and her husband were the survivors of a flood caused by the Addanc. They escaped in an ark Nefyed Nav Nevion with many animals. Some accounts say that Nefyed was the builder of the ark.
Dwyvan- Welsh god of water and divinity. Thought to possibly be part of a lost creation legend. Him and his wife were the survivors of a flood caused by the Addanc.
Dylan- Welsh god of the sea. Son of Gwydion and Arianrhod. His symbol was a silver fish and his name meant “to influence” and possibly specifically “to influence tidal flow”.
Eire/Eriu- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. She was the matron goddess of sovereignty and the entirety of Ireland which was named after her. She is the daughter of Emmas of the Tuatha De Danann. Her name means “land” hence, “Eire’s land/Ireland”. She was part of a triad of sister goddesses. When the Milesians arrived from Galicia, each of the three sisters asked that their name be given to the country. This was granted to them, although Eire became the chief name in use. Banba and Fodla are still sometimes used as poetic names of Ireland, much like Albion or Alba was a poetic name for Great Britain or Scotland.
Elphane/Elphame- Scottish “Queen of Elphame”. She is the elfin queen of the faerie folk. She is the goddess of death and disease and with the coming of Christianity was seen as the goddess and consort of witches. She was said to be invoked in Scottish witch trials and in essence the Scottish version of the Greek witch goddess Hecate.
Eochaid mac Eirc- Irish king of the Fir Bolgs at a time when they ruled Ireland. He established the first laws and oversaw the harvest every year. He ruled for ten years until the Fir Bolg were defeated by the Tuatha De Danann. He was killed by The Morrigan.
Eogan mac Durthacht- Irish mythology king of Fernmag. He was the enemy of Conchobar mac Ness but later made peace with him and killed Deirdre’s husband, Naoise. Later the bereaved Deirdre is asked who she hated more than Conchobar and she replies that is Eogan. Conchobar announces he will send her to him and she chooses death over this fate.
Eostre- Celtic/Gaulish goddess originally Anglo-Saxon but brought into the fold of the Celtish pantheon. She is viewed as a patron goddess of spring and spring personified into goddess form. She is associated with new beginnings, rebirth, fertility and menstruation.
Epona- Gaulish protector of horses. Her name means “horse”. She was also associated with fertility and agriculture, as shown by her attributes of having a patera, cornucopia, ears of grain and the presence of foals in some sculptures. The horse in general played a very critical role in Celtic life so it can be assumed she may have as well. She and her horses might also have been leaders of the soul in the after-life ride, with parallels in Rhiannon of the Welsh Mabinogion. R
Epos Olloatir- Gaulish male version of the goddess Epona.
Erecura- Gaulish goddess associated with the underworld and abundance. She is often seen with a cornucopia.
Ernmas- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Mother goddess to Irish goddesses (Eriu, Banba and Fodla), The Morrigan (Badb, Macha and Morrigan) as well as the trinity sons (Glonn, Gnim and Coscar) andd Fiacha and Ollom. She was killing during the first battle of Mag Tuireadh against the Fir Bolg.
Esus- Gaulish harvest god associated with trees.
Etain- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. She is associated with the sun, love, transformation and rebirth. Her name means “passion”.
Ethniu/Ethne- Irish member of the Fomorians. She is the mother of Lugh and daughter of Balor and locked in a tower when it was prophesied that Balor’s grandson would kill him. Cian, the son of Dian Cecht found her from having a shape shifting spell put on him to disguise himself. They fell in love and he impregnated her.
Fagus- Gaulish god of the beech tree.
Fand- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Wife of Manannan mac Lir. Her name means “pearl of beauty” or “tear”. She was said to be stunningly beautiful. Although she was married to a god, she, like many other faery queens fell in love with and enchanted mortal men. She tried to woo Cu Chulainn in “The Sickness of Cu Chulainn and the One Jealous of Emer”.
Fenoderee/Phynnodderee- Manx fairy that helps in shepherding and harvesting before a storm hits.
Fionn mac Cumhaill- Irish mythological hero. His name means “sureness” or “certainty”. Last head of the Fianna,he was raised by his foster mother Liath Luachra, who also trained him to fight. Feats attributed to him included slaying a fire-breathing fairy and fashioning many of the geographical features in Ireland.
Fionnuala- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Daughter of Lir, she was turned into a swan along with her brothers by her jealous step mother. She is mostly the leader out of her siblings.
Flidais- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. She is known for her beautiful hair and associated with animals, woodlands and fertility. She was typically represented as riding on a chariot drawn by deer. Flidais is a central figure in the story called “The Driving-off of Flidais’s Cattle” where she is a lover of Fergus mac Roich and owner of a magical herd of cattle. Fergus carried her and her cattle away from her husband and during the Cattle Raid of Cooley the herd supplied the King of Connacht with milk for the entire army. It was said that to satisfy Fergus he needed seven women unless he could have Flidais.
Fotla/Fodla- One of the three sisters, the others being Banba and Eriu who were married to the triplet grandsons of the Dagda. Her husband was Mac Cecht. She and her sisters were the patron goddesses of Ireland. While Eriu became the root of the name Ireland today, Fotla and Banba are still considered poetic names to use.
Friagabis- Local Gaulish war goddess worshipped near Hadrian’s Wall. Her name means “giver of freedom”.
Fumnach- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. First wife of a son of the Dagda, Midir. She was a spell caster.
Gaillimh inion Breasail- Irish mythological member of the FIr Bolg. She was the daughter of the chief of the FIr Bolg, Breasail. She was also a local goddess of rivers.
Goewin- Welsh figure who played a small but crucial role in Math fabMathonwy, one of the four branches of Mabinogi. At the beginning of the tale, the eponymous Math fab Mathonwy will die if his feet are not always held in the lap of a virgin or he is at war. Goewin is the virgin who performs this duty until math is tricked into going to war by his nephews Gwydion and Gilfaethwy, who proceed to rape Goewin. Once Math returns, Goewin reveals the crime and Math punishes the two by transforming them into a series of animals. He then marries Goewin, giver her power over his kingdom in order to make amends.
Gofannon- Welsh god of smithing. Son of Don, brother of Gwydion and Arianrhod.
Goibniu- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. He was a smith which was a very magical profession. He is one of the three gods of art, the Tri Dee Dana along with Credne the silversmith and Luchta the carpenter. He is associated with hospitality.
Goleuddydd- Welsh daughter of Amiawdd Wledig and husband to Cilydd. She becomes pregnant but becomes mad and turns to wandering the countryside. When she is near birth her senses return and she takes shelter in a swineherd. The swineherd take the baby away to be baptised and he becomes the protagonist in Culhwch and Olwen.
Gontia- Local Gaulish goddess in Gunzburg, Germany.
Gorlois- Welsh Duke of Tintagel and first husband of Igraine in the Camelot tales. He was the father of Morgause, Elaine and Morgan le Fay.
Grannos- Gaulish god associated with spas, healing thermal, mineral springs and the sun.
Grainne- Irish goddess associated with the sun and her name means “sun”. She was the daughter of Cormac mac Airt and wife of Fionn mac Cumhill. She ran away in the woods with another man named Diarmud. They both fell in love with one another but Fionn found them and killed Diarmund. Fionn stayed with Fionn until her death.
Green man- The green man motif has many variations and is found in many cultures throughout the world. He is thought that he could have been some version more of less of the forest god Cernunnos, at least in the Celtic version. He is mostly seen as a symbol of the cycle of growth within nature. Sometimes he is portrayed as just a face with leaves and other times with horns and greenery around him.
Guinevere/Gwenhwyvar- Welsh legendary wife of King Arthur. One of the most prominent stories is when she has a love affair with her husband’s chief knight, Lancelot. Guinevere and Lancelot’s betrayal of Arthur preceded his eventual defeat at the Battle of Camlann by Mordred.
Gwern- Welsh son of Branwen and Matholwch. He would have been the future king of Ireland if Efniessin hadn’t thrown the boy into a bonfire after the kid refused to hug him. This murder was one of the causes of the great battle which “killed all of Ireland, save five pregnant women, and all of the British army, save seven friends”.
Gwion Bach- Welsh boy who was forced to stir Cerridwen’s Cauldron of Inspiration for a year and a day while she brewed a magic potion of inspiration. At the end of the year, the three drops of inspiration lept out of the potion, burning Gwion’s thumb, which he promptly stuck in his mouth. This caused him to become enlightened with all knowledge. Cerridwen chased him through various animal transformations until swallowing him as a grain, and then giving birth to him at which point he was renamed Taliesin, the Shining Brow. This story is similar to that of Gwion Bach and how Fionn found knowledge under the tutelege of Fintan in the Celtic story the Salmon of Knowledge.
Gwyddion- Welsh enchanter and patron of the arts and education. He is a magician, trickster but also a hero. He is thought to be the forerunner of Arthur of Camelot. He appears mostly in the fourth branch of the Mabinogi, which focuses largely on his relationship with his young nephew, Lleu Llaw Gyffes.
Gwyddno Garanhir- Welsh ruler of a sunken land off the coast of Wales, known as Cantre’r Gwaelod. He was the father of Elffin ap Gwyddno and the foster father of the famous Welsh poet, Taliesin. The “Hamper of Gwyddno Garanhir” is one of the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain. It was a basket that could multiply food. If one was to put food for one man in the basket and open it again, the food was found to be increased a hundredfold.
Gwyn ap Nuad- Welsh king of the Tylwyth Teg and ruler of the otherworld. His name means “white son of Nudd”. He was a great warrior and associated with the hunt. Three dogs always accompanied his horse.
Gwythur ap Gwreidwyl- Welsh summer god. He was the opponent of wintry Gwyn ap Nudd and made of with Gwythur’s intended bride Creiddylad.
Habetrot- Scottish goddess associated with spinning and the spinning wheel.
Habondia/Abondia- Gaulish goddess of abundance and prosperity.
Harimella- Gaulish goddess of war. Her name was found on a votive stela discovered in the ruins of a ROman fort near the Scottish city of Birrens.
Havgan/Hafgan- Welsh king of Annwn, the otherworld. He appears in the First Branch of the Mabinogi. He is constantly warring with Arawn.
Henwen- Welsh legendary sow goddess that gave birth to Cath Palug, a monstrous cat depicted as combating with either Sir Kay or King Arthur in the legends of Camelot. Her name meant “old white”.
Hu the Mighty/Hu Gadarn/Hugh Guairy- Welsh god who is portrayed as father god and possibly associated with a lost creation myth. He taught his people to plow, farm, work the land and to sing old sacred songs in aid for transmitting oral traditions.
Ialonus- Local Gaulish god of fields.
Ianuania- Local Gaulish goddess associated with music and healing.
Ianuaria- Local Gaulish goddess associated with healing and music.
Icaunus- Local Gaulish deity of the River Yonne.
Iccovellauna- Gaulish water goddess associated with springs and healing.
Inciona- Local Gaulish goddess of Moselle, Belgium.
Inghean Bhuidhe- Irish goddess associated with the harvest. She is the second of three sisters representing the harvest cycle. Her older sister is Lasair and her younger sister Latiaran.
Iuiacus- Gaulish god associated with festivals. His name meant “Yew-god” or “God of the festival”.
Lady of the Lake/Vivienne/Nimue- Welsh ruler of Avalon in the Arthurian legend. She plays a pivotal role in many stories, including giving King Arthur his sword Excalibur, enchanting Merlin and raising Lancelot after the death of his father. She is lover to Merlin and escorts Arthur to Avalon upon his death.
Laeg- Irish legend charioteer of CuChulainn.
Laegaire- Irish legend warrior champion of CuChulainn. He mainly serves as comic relief. His death-tale sums him up. When the poet Aed was to be drowned in a lake near Laegaire’s house for adultery with Conchobar’s wife Mugain, he cried for help and Laegaire rushed to the rescue. As he leaped out the door, he knocked the top of his own head off on the lintel. Still, he managed to kill thirty soldiers and save Aed’s life before he died.
Lasair- Irish goddess associated with the harvest. She was the oldest of a triad of harvest goddesses. Her name meant “flame” and she has long beautiful black hair and wore a silver crown, silver jewelry and armbands. The god Flann brought her the Rose of Sweetness and it never withers, the Comb of Magnificence and the Girdel of Truth. Her sisters are Bhuidhe and Latiaran.
Latiaran- Irish goddess associated with the harvest. She is the oldest of a triad of harvest goddesses. Her name means “breast of light”. Her sisters are Lasair and Bhuidhe.
Latis- Gaulish goddess associated with water and mead. She fell desperately in love with a salmon, a totem animal representing knowledge. Out of pity for her, the other deities turned him into a warrior. However, each winter he must submit to becoming a salmon again until spring.
Latis (Dea)- Local Gaulish male and female deity worshipped together based off of one inscription. Dea Latis was the goddess/female half and Deus Latis was the god/male half.
Lenus- Local Gaulish god of healing.
Leucetios- Local Gaulish god of thunder.
Lir/Ler- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. His name means “sea”. His father is Manannan mac Lir. Lir is also the king in the famous tale The Children of Lir. Although, some claim they are the same god.
Litavis- Gaulish goddess of divination. Her name means “the broad one”.
Llevelys- Welsh king of France, while his brother Lludd was king of Britain. He appears in the tale Cyfranc Llludd a Llefelys.
Llew- Welsh son of Arianrhod. he could only be killed neither by day nor night, indoors nor out of doors, riding nor walking, clothed nor naked, nor by any weapon lawfully made. Because his mother had cursed him to have no wife, he married a hand made woman made of flowers, Blodeuwedd. She betrayed him however with Goronwy, tricked the secret of his death out to him and led him to it. He became an eagle and was recovered into human form by his uncle Gwydion. He then killed Goronwy, but Blodeuwedd was turned into an owl at that point.
Llud- Welsh was a king of Britain and his name meant “Lludd of the Silver Hand”. He is eerily similar to Nuada in Irish mythology.
Llyr- The Welsh version of Lir, the sea god. He was father of Bran, Branwen and Manawydan.
Lugh- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. He is associated with skills and his name means “many skilled” or “the shining one”. His sacred symbol was the spear and it was a magical spear that always came back to him and never missed its target. He killed his grandfather, Balor, the Fomorian chieftain with a sling shot to his terrible evil eye. Lughnasadh, the harvest festival is celebrated in his honor and again represents a time of skills or going on a journey as well as preparing for the winter.
Lugos- Gaulish version of Lugh.
Luxovius- Local Gaulish god of the waters of Luxeuil, France.
Mabon- Welsh god associated with youth. His name meant “young man”. He was the son of Modron, the “mother goddess”. He was ever-young and had the power to make the land flourish or waste away.
Mac Cecht- Irish member of the Tuatha de Danann. Grand son of the Dagda. His wife was Fodla, one of the the three matron sisters and goddess of Ireland. He and his brothers Mac Cuill and Mac Greine killed Lugh in revenge for him killing their father, Cermait. The three bothers became joint High Kings of Ireland. They were the last kings of the Tuatha de Danann before the coming of the Milesians.
Macha(The Morrigan)- Irish member of the Tuatha de Danann associated with war and horses. She was one of the triple goddess aspects of the The Morrigan. She once made the men of Ulster suffer the pangs of childbirth. She fed on the heads of slain enemies in war and could shape shift into various animals. Her sisters were Badb and Nemain, the other two aspects of the triad.
Maponos- Gaulish god associated with youth. His name meant “great son”.
Manannan mac Lir- Irish member of the Tuatha de Danann. He was older than them but still considered to be one of them. He was associated with the sea, weather and fertility. He has a ship that follows his command without sails, a cloak that makes him invisible, a helmet made of flames and a sword that cannot miss its mark. He is often described as riding over the sea in a chariot and his horse can run on top of water. The Isle of Man was named after him and the body of water between Ireland and Britain was particularly associated with him. The Manx coat of arms dating back to the 13th century and likely earlier is supposedly a representation of Manannan because he was known to be able to turn himself into the shape of three legs and roll like a wheel.
Manawyddan ap Llyr- Welsh god associated with the sea. He could shapshift and his pigs kept the gods from growing old.
Mannan- Manx version of the Irish sea god Manannan mac Lir or Manawyddan ap Llyr in Welsh. People prayed to him for a blessing on their boats or a good catch.
Math ap Mathonwy- Welsh god associated with prosperity, coinage and magic. He was a king of Gwyneed who needed to rest his feed in the lap of a virgin unless he was at war or he would die. The virgin who had this job was a lady name Goewin. When Math went away to war to fight Pryderi, his nephews raped Goewin. When Math returned and learned what they had done he banished them and turned them into a breeding pair of deer for a year, then wild boars for the next year and wolves a final year. They had three children together as animals who were subsequently turned into humans.
Matronae Aufaniae- Local Gaulish goddess associated with motherhood in Rhineland, Germany.
Matres- Gaulish mother goddess of Gaul.
Medb/Maev- Irish queen of Connacht in the Ulster Cycle of mythology. She is the enemy and former wife of Conchobar mac Nessa. She is best known for startin the Cattle Raid of Cooley to steal Ulster’s prize stud bull.
Medb Lethderg- Irish mythological goddess of sovereignty. She was associated with Tara and supposedly was the wife or lover of nine successive kings. She is most likely simply another take on Medb.
Midir- Irish god of the underworld. Lover of Etain and husband of angry Fuamnach.
Moccus- Local Gaulish god associated with pigs. He was perhaps a male version of Cerridwen.
Modron- Welsh goddess associated with fertility and harvest. Her name means “divine mother” and her son is Mabon. Mabon was stolen away from her when he was three days old and later rescued by King Arthur.
Mog Ruith- Irish god associated with the sun. His name means “slave of the wheel” and the wheel was usually interpreted as representing the sun. He was considered a blind druid that could grow to enormous size and his breath caused storms and turned men to stone.
Mongfind- Irish mythological character. Her name means “fair hair” or “white hair”. She was the wife of legendary high king Eochaid Mugmedon and mother of his three eldest sons. She was the sister of Crimthann mac Fidaig, King of Munster and the next high king of Ireland. It is said she had him killed with poison in an attempt to have the kingdom for her sons. She drank the same to convince him and died soon after at Samhain, becoming a goddess of sorcery.
Morgan le Fay- Welsh enchantress in Arthurian legend. Her name means “sea born” and le fay, means “the fairy”. She is a dangerous enemy and antagonist in most tales. She is very sexual and has many lovers, including the Druid Merlin. She is an indirect instrument in Arthur’s death.
Muireartach- Irish goddess of battle. Her name means “eastern sea”. She personified the storm-tossed seas between Ireland and Scotland. She is depicted as a one-eyed crone with a black and blue face and a scaled body.
Morgay- Local Gaulish goddess of the harvest.
Morrigan/Morrigu- Irish goddess and member of the Tuatha De Danann. She was associated with war, death, sovereignty, fate and magic. Her name meant “great queen” or “phantom queen “. She had three aspects or “sisters” that she could seemingly shape shift into, each having different skill sets. Badh (her main form) could fortell events, Nemain would inspire battle frenzy and Macha turned into animals and would feed on the dead. She could change into many animals including a crow, raven, falcon, bull, eel and wolf. Her first appearance in literature was in the Book of Isaiah written in the 9th century, in which she was described as “monster in female form”. In the Ulster Cycle mythological tales, she led future King of the Tuatha De Dannan, Lugh and the Dagda to victory against the Fomorians in the Second Battle of Magh Tuireadh. The Dagda came upon her as she was washing in a river on Samhain, just before the battle. It is said that they fell in love and had sex then and there. Afterwards, she told him secrets to aid in their victory. She also fought alongside them during the battle. At one point she chanted a poem that broke the battle apart, blowing the Fomorians back into the sea, hugely aiding in their victory. The Dagda and her were considered married thereafter. It was insinuated that she only wanted to have sex on Samhain and The Dagda and her tended to meet up around that time each year. The Dagda also had many other relationships. In later stories, she famously fell in love with the hero Cu Chulainn and gave him a lethally bad time after he rejected her appearance as a young lovely woman and henceforth she foretold his death. She warned him, “It is at the guarding of thy death that I am; and I shall be.” In a later battle, when Cu Chulainn knew he was dying, he tied himself to a standing stone with his entrails so he could die proudly standing upright. The Morrigan in the form of a crow landed on his shoulder as he passed away. She became a patron goddess of witches in later years when Druidry went underground. Some writers believe that Morgan le Fay from Welsh Arthurian legend was inspired by her.
Muirne- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Her name means “beautiful neck” and she was the mother of Fionn mac Cumhail.
Murigen- Welsh goddess associated with lakes and flooding. The Welsh term for water sprites was morgen and her name was a derivative of that.
Mullo- Gaulish god associated with the planet Mars.
Myrrdin Wyllt- Welsh god associated with woodlands. His name means “the wild”. He deliberately grew feathers so he could leap from tree to tree. He was a prophet and a madman.
Nantosuelta- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Associated with water and protection. Her name means “of winding stream”. She was paired with Sucellus and later The Dagda.
Nechtan- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Husband of Boann and son of Nuadu. Nechtan was a frequent name for Pictish kings.
Nehalennia- Gaulish goddess associated with trading and shipping.
Neit- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. He was associated with war. He was huband of Nemain and sometimes of Badb. He was the grandfather of Balor. He is also the uncle of The Dagda.
Nemain(The Morrigan)- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann associated with battle frenzy. She was one of the triple goddess aspects of The Morrigan. Her name means “venemous”.
Nemausus- Local Gaulish god associated with the springs and city of Nimes.
Nemed- Irish character and druid in mythology. He arrived in Ireland with his wife Macha and four sons. They fought the Fomorians and won three battles but finally lost the fourth and were destroyed. Before they died they created twelve plains and by diverting rivers created four new lakes. The lesson of the tale was one of perseverance and creating something from anew, taming nature and establishing a culture and home.
Nemetona- Local Gaulish goddess of sacred groves and shrines in Trier, Germany.
Niamh- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. Her name means “bright” or “radiant”. She was the daughter of Manannan mac Lir and one of the queens of Tir na Nog, the land of eternal youth. She was the lover of the poet-hero Oisin.
Nicevenn- Scottish “queen of the fairies” in folklore. Her name mean “daughter of the devine”. She was associated with Samhain and witches in later years when druidry went underground.
Nodens- Local Gaulish river god of the Severn Estuary in Britain.
Nuada/Nuadu- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. He was the original Danann king who had to step down when he lost a hand fighting the Firbolg at the First Battle of Mag Tuiredh. His name meant “silver hand” because he had a silver hand fashioned for himself. Bres became king and was highly unliked. Nuada had a real hand fashioned by Miach and was able to become king again until twenty years later when he was killed by Balor. Lugh became king and avenged Nuada’s death by slaying Balor.
Nudons- Welsh god associated with the sea, healing, fishing and sailing. His name means “he who bestows wealth”.
Nwyvre- Welsh god associated with the sky and consort of Arianrhod.
Oanuava/Onuava- Local Gaulish goddess associated with the earth and fertilty.
Ogma/Oghma- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. He is associated with speech, language and learning. His name meant “sunny faced” believed to have come from his great wisdom or poetry skills. Character in both Irish and Scottish mythology. May have been related to Gaulish god Ogmios. He fights in the first battle of Magh Tuiredh when the Danann take Ireland from the Fir Bolg. Under the reign of Bres, when the Tuatha De Danann are reduced to servitude, Ogma is forced to carry firewood but is later reinstated to the king’s champion under Nuada and later, Lugh. He was sometimes seen as a patron god of poets.
Ogmios- Gaulish god associated with power of words. Little is known about it but we know he was important because he appeared on coins and statues. There is simply little said about him inscription wise. His name may mean “path” or “guide”. By way of an ancient 2nd century description by satirical writer, Lucian it sounds as if he had the power to control human behavior through his arrow pointed words.
Ogyruan- Irish god of bards. Father of Gwenhwyar.
Olwen- Welsh goddess associated with the sun. Her name means “the golden wheel”. She may have had some relationship with Arianrhod as her name meant “the silver wheel”. She was the daughter of the king of the giants, Ysbadadden. Wherever she walked shamrocks would pop up behind her.
Onniona- Local Gaulish goddess worshipped in Ash groves.
Penarddun- Welsh goddess associated with beauty. Her name meant “most fair” or “chief beauty”. She was the wife of Llyr and mother of Bran, Branwen and Manawydan.
Plur na Mban- Irish member of Tuatha De Danann. Her name meant “the flower of women” and she was very beautiful. She was the daughter of Niamh, the fairy queen of Tir na Nog and the Irish bard Oisin. She was born in the land of eternal youth after her father had left that island forever. She was a fairy goddess of Beltane.
Pryderi fab Pwyll- Welsh god associated with strength and skill. His name means “worry” or “loss”. His parents are Rhiannon and Pwyll. He was stolen as an infant by a clawed monster but soon rescued by Terynon, a local lord. Him and his wife adopted him as their own but it soon became obvious he had supernatural powers, was growing at a faster rate than usual and had the likeness of Pwyll. He also had a strong affinity to horses like his mother Rhiannon. They returned him straightaway to an overjoyed Rhiannon and Pwyll. They offered Terynon many great treasures as a reward to which he all declined. Pryderi is a prominent figure in Welsh mythology, and the only character to appear in all Four Branches of the Mabinogi, although the size of his role varies from tale to tale.
Pwyll- Welsh god associated with the underworld. He was the ruler of the otherworld at times. Father of Pryderi, husband of Rhiannon. Trusted associated of Arawn as related int he first book of the Mabinogi.
Ratis- Gaulish goddess associated with fortification and protective boundaries. The southern “British” Celts set up shrines to her at various places along Hadrian’s wall to keep out “Scottish” warriors. Although, they were not called or known as British or Scottish at that time.
Rhiannon/Rigatona- Welsh goddess associated with horses. Her name meant “the great queen”. She was similar to Gaulish Epona. Rhiannon was a queen in Welsh tales and married to Pwyll. She entertained guests by singing at meals and was intelligent, politically versed, wealthy and generous. It was said that she was so fast on a horse, she was impossible to catch. Her son, later the hero known as Pryderi was abducted as an infant and she suffered years of sadness which was exacerbated by being accused of killing her own child. He was abducted by a monster type creature which was fought away by Teyrnon, a local horse lord who once served Pwyll as a courtier. Teyrnon and his wife tried to raise him as their own but the child soon grew at a superhuman pace with a great affinity to horses. He recognized the child’s resemblance and returned him to Rhiannon and Pwyll. They were overjoyed but soon after sadness strikes again when Pwyll dies. After a disastrous Irish war, Pryderi and a man named Manawydan were one of only seven survivors. Pryderi greatly respected Manawydan, arranged for him and his mother to meet and they married a short time later. Rhiannon also had three mystical birds called the Birds of Rhiannon that were said to “wake the dead and lull the living to sleep”, another nod to her possible role in soul transition.
Ritona- Local Gaulish goddess associated with water in Trier, Germany.
Robur- Local Gaulish god associated with oak trees.
Rosmerta- Gaulish goddess associated with fertility and abundance. She is often seen holding a cornucopia.
Rudiobus- Local Gaulish god associated with horses.
Sadb/Sadhbh-beautiful Irish woman of legend who was the consort of Fionn and mother of Oisin. She became enchanted to take the form of a doe for refusing the love of a dark druid named Doirche. She held this form for three years, until a serving man of the druid took pity on her and told her that if she set foot in the castle of the famed heroes of the Fianna of Ireland, she would change back. She escaped and found Fionn’s house and was instantly changed back into a human. When Fionn laid eyes on her, they fell in love, were soon married and she became pregnant. However, while Fionn was away in battle, a false image outside the castle grounds was portrayed by Doirche tricking Sadhbh into believing that Fionn had come home. She ran to his image to embrace him, but as soon as she reached it, the image disappeared and Doirche was revealed. He touched her with a wand of hazel turning her into a deer once again so that she was lost to Fionn. Fionn spent seven years searching for her to no avail. At the end of the seven years, he found a wild boy who he recognized to have a similar face as Sadhbh and realized it had to be their son. He named him Oisin and Oisin would go on to become as famous as his father.
Setlocenia- Local Gaulish goddess associated with “a long life”.
Scathach- Irish mythological figure in the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology. She trains the legendary hero Cu Chulainn in the arts of combat. She seems to originate from Scotland (Alpeach). She is associated with the Isle of Skye, where her “Fortress of Shadows” resides. She is called “the shadow” and “warrior maid”. Her rival and sister is Aife, both daughters of Ard-Greimne of Lethra. She gives Cu Chulainn her deadly spear, called the Gae Bulg.
Scota- Irish/Scottish goddess. She was probably once a mother goddess of her native Egypt, but her myth and origins are shadowy. The general agreement is that she was the daughter of the Pharaoh Cingris, after which stories of her diverge, some even merging her with Christian biblical figures. In most tales she is the mother of Amergin, the bard. She died in the Milesian invasion of Ireland. The name Scoti, derived from her own, was once a designation for the Irish and later used by the Scottish people.
Segomo- Gaulish god associated with war and victory.
Senias- Irish member of the Tuatha De Danann. A druid and teacher of the city Murias, where the Dagda’s magical cauldron originated.
Sequana- Local Gaulish goddess associated with the River Seine, and patron goddess of the tribe Sequani. Offerings to her were tossed in the river at certain times of the year.
Sirona/Dirona- Gaulish goddess associated with healing, snakes and eggs.
Smertrios- Gaulish god associated with war. His name meant “the purveyor” or “the provider”. He is depicted as a well muscled bearded man confronting a snake which rears up in front of him. He is usually carrying a club.
Soucana/Souconna- Local Gaulish god associated with the river Saone near Chalon, France.
Sreng- Irish member of the Fir Bolg. He was the one who in the first Battle of Magh Tuiredh faced Nuada, the king of the Tuatha De Danann and cut off his arm. Although nearing defeat, Sreng and the three hundred surviving Fir Bolg vowed to fight to the last man. The Danann considered them noble and offered them one fifth of Ireland. They agreed and stood down. The Fir Bolg chose Connacht, where men traced their descent from Sreng until the 17th century.
Sucellos- Gaulish god associated with abundance, agriculture and wine. His name means “to break” or “to hammer or forge”. He was usually carrying a big mallet, ceramic jar or barrel.
Sulis- Gaulish goddess associated with healing and springs.
Tailtiu- Irish mythological member of the Fir Bolg. She was the daughter of the King of Spain and the wife of Eochaid mac Eirc, the last Fir Bolg high king of Ireland. She survived the invasion of the Tuatha De Danann and became the foster mother of Lugh. She is said to have died from exhaustion after clearing the plains of Ireland for agriculture. Lugh established a harvest festival and funeral games, Aenach Tailteann, in her honor. These were celebrated as late as the 18th century.
Taliesin- Welsh poet whose work survived in the Middle Welsh manuscript, the Book of Taliesin. He was a renowned bard who is believed to have sung at the courts of at least three Brythonic kings. He occurs in legends to have been a real person but also played a role as the companion of Bran the Blessed in the tales of King Arthur’s camelot. He was also a servant to Cerridwen and accidentally drank some of her brew of wisdom. There is often a blurring of reality and myth in Celtic legend and it’s hard to sort decipher which is what.
Tamara- Local Gaulish goddess associated with rivers and streams and specifically The River Tamar between Devon and Cornwall, England.
Tamesis- Local Gaulish goddess of the River Thames. Later replaced in patriarchal times by Llud, for whom Ludgate Hill in London is named.
Taranus- Gaulish god associated with thunder. His name meant “thunder”. He also occurs on one of the most famous Celtic artifacts, the Gundestrup Cauldron.
Taranis/Tannus- Gaulish goddess associated with the underworld.
Tarvis Trigaraunos- Gaulish god associated with the bull.
Tlachtga- Irish mythological druid. Her name was attached to a Hill of Ward, which was the site of prominent festivals in her honor in the middle ages. She was the daughter of the druid Mug Ruith and she accompanied him on his world travels, learning his magical secrets and discovering stones in Italy. She was raped by the three sons of Simon Magus, her father’s mentor and returned to Ireland where she gave birth to triplets from three different fathers. They were born on the hill she became known for. Her story echoes that of the goddess Macha.
Trethra- Irish mythological member of the Fomorians. He was the first king of the Fomorians and killed in the first battle of Mag Tuireadh.
Teutates/Toutatis- Gaulish god associated with fertility, war and wealth. He was one of the oldest and most celebrated gods. His name meant “ruler of the people” and was seen as a tribal protector. He is credited with inventing all the crafts of mankind. There have been a large number of Romano/British/Gaulish rings found with “TOT” inscribed on them referring to Teutates.
Triduana- Scottish patron goddess of Edinburgh. She plucked out her eyes to destroy her own beauty rather than submit to the advances of Nechtan, King of the Picts.
Tuiren- Irish mythological wife of Finanna chief Eachtach Iollan. Aunt of Fionn mac Cumhaill. Eachtach’s jealous lover Uchtdealb he had made promises to, tapped her with a druid wand and turned her into an Irish wolfhound. Iollan searched for his wife for years and when he couldn’t find her he went to Uchtdealb and begged her to tell him where his wife was and that if she did, he would fullfill his promises to her and be with her. She agreed and took him to her, changed her back into human form but the twins remained dogs. They would later become Fionn’s prized and adventurous dogs Bran and Sceolan.
Uathach- Irish mythological character who was Scathach’s daughter and thus the niece of her rival and sister Aife. Cu Chulainn, who had recently arrived at Scathach’s fortress home, the “Fortress of Shadows”, accidentally broke one of Uathach’s fingers. Uathach’s suitor, Cochar Croibhe challenged him to single combat and lost his life. Cu Chulainn then became Uathach’s lover.
Uchtdealb- Irish mythological dark druid who was the jealous lover of Fionna chieftain, Iollan Eachtach. She turned his wife into a dog and she gave birth to their twins who sadly remained dogs.
Urien- Welsh god associated with the sun, sacrifice and Samhain. He married Modron and was the father of Owain and Mabon. He was killed by Modron during one of her murderous rages.
Uroica- Local Gaulish goddess of heather and wine.
Verbeia- Local Gaulish goddess of the River Wharfe in North Yorkshire, England.
Vindos- Welsh god associated with the wild hunt and the underworld.
Vosegus- Local Gaulish god of the Vosges Forest in France.
Wachilt- Welsh goddess associated with the sea. She was mother to Wayland the Smith.
Xulsigiae- Local Gaulish goddess associated with springs and water in Trier, Germany.
Ysbaddaden Penkawr- Welsh mythological character and father of Olwen. He had a poison eye much like the Irish Balor. He gave his daughter’s suitor Culhwch so many exhaustive tasks to complete before he could marry his daughter that he had to employ the help of King Arthur and his knights.
Yvonne- Local Gaulish river goddess.
For more information check out Gods and Goddesses of Ireland: A Guide to Irish Deities by Morgan Daimler!
Writer and Herbalist
A founding member of Discover Druidry, Isla is a writer, photographer and avid gardener. She wrote the Celtic Druidry Handbook: An Evidence Based Guide.